Fluoride & Lead in Drinking Wate




FLUORIDE - A Toxin To The Brain & Body

RESOURCES: more info below

FLUORIDE ALERT.ORG - The lead organization opposed to Fluoride, founder Dr. Paul Connett, 82 Judson St. Canton, New York 13617 e-mail: mconnett@fluoridealert.org tel: 315-379-9200
FLUORIDE FREE PHILLY - https://www.facebook.com/fluoridefreephiladelphia
Beverly DeCer RN, founder, 610-952-4391

by Lynn Landes & Maria Bechis (1998 article updated in 2018)


  • Fluoride is a toxic substance that causes bone and tooth decay (including dental and skeletal fluorosis, bone pathology, arthritis, and osteoporosis) Alzheimer's, memory loss and other neurological impairment, kidney damage, cancer, genetic damage, and gastrointestinal problems.
  • Although the Federal Government set “maximum contaminant levels” for fluoride in humans, it is impossible to 
    control “fluoride exposure” due to the fluoride added to municipal water, medicines, food, drinks, & consumer products.
  • 41% of all children have dental fluorosis, which can only come from over-exposure to fluoride
  • fluoride is in many medications, dental products, processed food & drinks, and municipal water systems
  • over 70% of all U.S. municipal water systems are fluoridated, using a type of fluoride that 
    is a hazardous waste product of several industries
  • fluoride leaches "lead" from pipes & soldering in public & private water systems
  • The American Dental Association supports fluoridation
  • The Journal of the American Dental Association was long warned about over-exposure
  • fluoridation of public drinking water is banned in most countries 

"...fluoride (that is added to municipal water) is a hazardous waste product...for which there is substantial evidence of adverse health effects and, contrary to public perception, virtually no evidence of significant benefits," says Dr. William Hirzy, Vice President, Chapter 280 of the National Treasury Employees Union, EPA headquarters in Washington, D.C.

At least 41% of American children now have dental fluorosis as a result of ingesting too much fluoride, according to The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 1999-2004 http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db53.htm. That rate may be higher in children from high socioeconomic-status families and those who live in fluoridated communities, according to a July 1998 report from The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and corroborated in several reports published since 1995 in the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA-see below). Fluorosis is the discoloration and, in advanced cases, the pitting of teeth. Bleaching is not effective. 

The more serious health  concern is that dental fluorosis is not the only harmful health effect that results from overexposure to fluoride. Fluoride has been linked in government and scientific reports to a wide range of harmful health effects, including: bone and tooth decay (including dental and skeletal fluorosis, bone pathology, arthritis, and osteoporosis) Alzheimer's, memory loss and other neurological impairment, kidney damage, cancer, genetic damage, and gastrointestinal problems. In addition, fluoride has been found to leach lead from old water pipes and soldering material, which has resulted in increased lead levels in people.

Americans, even in unfluoridated communities, are suffering serious harmful health effects from overexposure to fluoride due to its widespread and uncontrolled use.  Fluoride can be found in any food or beverage made with fluoridated municipal water. Less than 2% of Western Europe drink fluoridated water compared to over 60% of the United States population. 

Federal and state public health agencies and large dental and medical organizations, such as the American Dental Association, continue to promote fluoride despite growing evidence that it is harmful to public health and the environment.  This is also despite EPA’s own scientists, whose union, Chapter 280 of the National Treasury Employees Union, has taken a strong stand against fluoride.

Fluoride is not an essential nutrient. It has never received "FDA Approval" (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). It is listed as an "unapproved new drug" by the FDA, and as a "contaminant" by the EPA. Although calcium fluoride can occur naturally, the type of fluoride (sodium) added to municipal water is a hazardous waste product of the aluminum industry, phosphate fertilizer industry, and other industries.

There is no margin of safety for fluoride exposure. In the 1940’s, when fluoridation began, the "optimal" level of exposure for dental benefit was determined to be 1 milligram/day for an adult male. Even at that level, 10% of the population were expected to contract dental fluorosis. It was estimated that adult males drank 1 liter of water per day. At that time, other sources of fluoride were scarce.

1986: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set new "maximum contaminant levels (MCLs)" for fluoride in water. Above 2 mg/liter "children are likely to develop objectionable dental fluorosis" and parents must be officially notified. Above 4 mg/liter, individuals are at risk of developing "crippling skeletal fluorosis." It is against federal law to fluoridate water above 4 mg/liter.

1991: The U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services (HHS), in their Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks, published an analysis & table of fluoride exposure levels (for a 110-pound adult) from food, beverages, toothpaste, and mouthwash. Note: The HHS data indicates that HHS was aware in 1991 that the public was already overexposed to fluoride. The table below is an analysis of the HHS data table.

Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water  Total Fluoride Intake % Over 1 mg "Optimal" Dosage
Unfluoridated Communities    < 0.3 mg/L  0.88 - 2.20 mg/day as much as 120 %
"Optimally" Fluoridated        0.7-1.2 mg/L 1.58 - 6.60 mg/day as much as 560 %
Fluoridated communities          > 2.0 mg/L 2.10 - 7.05 mg/day possible  >  605 %

1993: The U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services (HHS) stated in its Toxicological Profile on Fluoride, "Existing data indicate that subsets of the population may be unusually susceptible to the toxic effects of fluoride and its compounds. These populations include the elderly, people with deficiencies of calcium, magnesium, and/or vitamin C, and people with cardiovascular and kidney problems... Postmenopausal women and elderly men in fluoridated communities may also be at increased risk of fractures."

1994: The American Dental Association's (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs approved a new Fluoride Supplementation Dosage Schedule with the following cautions, "All sources of fluoride must be evaluated with a thorough fluoride history.... Patient exposure to multiple sources can make proper prescribing complex." The ADA does not point out in their recommendations that multiple sources of fluoride include processed foods and beverages, which also makes it impossible to determine fluoride exposure or control it.

1995-2000: The Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA’s Dec. 1995, July 1996, July 1997, March 1999, June 2000) has published a series of studies reporting on pervasive overexposure to fluoride due to "the widespread use of fluoridated water, fluoride dentifrice, dietary fluoride supplements and other forms of fluoride...{There is} an increased prevalence of dental fluorosis, ranging from about 15% to 65% in fluoridated areas and 5% to 40% in non-fluoridated areas in North America."  In February of 1997, The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), representing 35,000 dentists, warned parents to limit their children’s intake of juices due to fluoride content. 

NOTE: Reports and studies sometimes use different measurements for, essentially, the same value. For example: Both milligrams per liter (mg/l) or micrograms per gram (ug/g) = parts per million (ppm).

Zero Waste America (ZWA) Reports: Lynn Landes, author

FLUORIDE SUPPLEMENTS: Government data indicates that dentists should NOT prescribe supplements. In 1991, the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks, published the estimated intake of fluoride for Americans, at as much as 120% over the assigned 'optimum dosage' of 1 milligram/day in unfluoridated areas and 605% in fluoridated areas (SEE HHS'S Summary-Daily Fluoride Intake of Adults Table) & AMERICA:OVERDOSED ON FLUORIDE

ZWA ASKS: Why is Beech-Nut selling BEECH-NUT SPRING WATER, FLUORIDE ADDED, when even the American Dental Association (with its contradictory recommendations on fluoride & fluoridation), recommends NO fluoride supplements for most babies, 3 years and under? (See: Fluoride Supplementation Dosage Schedule)


Fluoride contributes to increased amounts of LEAD in drinking water 

LEAD-NUMBER 1 HAZARD TO CHILDREN, according to the EPA. Lead can be found in old paints, dusts, solder, soils, and in fluoridated water (see above). Although the use of lead in U.S. gasoline declined since 1985, other sources inject about 2 billion kilograms of lead into the atmosphere in this country each year. An estimated 1.7 million children in the United States have unacceptably high levels of lead in their blood. National Institute of Health & (Source: 1998 Cornell Study). According to the NRC, "the pandemic scale of lead contamination... has increased lead concentrations throughout the Northern Hemisphere by a factor of at least 10." The northern half of the planet now has at least 10 times as much lead in soil and water as it had before the arrival of Europeans in North America. Source: Rachel's # 541. See: ZWA's LEAD page.

EPA SCIENTISTS OPPOSED THE USE OF FLUORIDE Chapter 280 of the National Treasury Employees Union represents the approximately 1500 scientists, lawyers, engineers and other professional employees at EPA Headquarters here in Washington, D.C.


FLUORIDE NEWS (1998-2000)

  • Aug 2000: Institute of Dentistry University of Oulu, Finland. Despite discontinuation of water fluoridation, no increase of caries frequency in primary teeth was observed in Kuopio within a three-year period. Seppa L, Karkkainen S, Hausen H
  • Aug 31, 1999: Dartmouth study finds correlation between Fluoride and Lead
  • May 10, 1999: U.S. Rep. Calvert asks EPA's Browner to Justify Policy to Promote Fluoride
  • Feb. 17, 1999: Finally, a national magazine (Salon) prints a great article on fluoride and the fraud that surrounds the promotion of fluoride as a dental health benefit.
  • Dec 21, 1998: 22% of All Children Now Have Fluorosis! In a Wall Street Journal article, Some Young Children Get Too Much Fluoride, by TARA PARKER-POPE. "... health researchers are questioning whether Americans, particularly children, may have too much fluoride in their diets." The article goes on to say that The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently completed a study showing that 22% of all children now have fluorosis, which is the pitting, spotting, and decay of teeth. Bleaching is not effective. Expensive veneers are used to cover the teeth. Contact CDC's Dr. Kit Shaddix for more information: kas9@CDC.GOV / 770-488-6074
    • ZWA Notes: Widespread fluorosis should not be news to the CDC or the American Dental Association (ADA). Health and Human Services (HHS) under which the CDC operates, has known since 1991 that Americans were being overexposed to fluoride, even in unfluoridated communities, and from multiple sources. The HHS published that data in a REPORT (to put this in context, see AMERICA: OVERDOSED ON FLUORIDE (at top of page) . However, the CDC continues to insist that dental fluorosis is the result of only using too much fluoridated toothpaste. In addition, the CDC erroneously characterizes fluorosis as just a cosmetic effect, rather than a symptom of the body reacting to the toxic effects of fluoride and an indication of potentially more serious harmful health consequences. Since at least 1995, the ADA has published studies in their Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) about the widespread incidence of fluorosis in the U.S. population due to overexposure from multiple sources.
  • April 16, 1998: Research Links Fluoride to Alzheimer's & Kidney Damage. See: Abstract


Heggen, Phil: Deceased / September 1999:Jackson County, Oregon, Stop Fluoridation USA . "